Kim Stanley Robinson’s Years of Rice and Salt
This is one of the best novels on alternative history involving Islam. In this alternative history the bubonic plague kills 99% of the population in Europe, leaving the Islamic world and China as contest over the control of the world with India caught in the Middle. The main characters are reincarnated many times and the story is told through their narration. The story begins around the time of Amir Temur’s death and continues till 2091. In this world America or Yingzhou is discovered by the Chinese. The native population suffers from diseases from the old world as in OTL. Muslims eventually resettle Europe. Later on a flowering of the sciences, similar to the Renaissance occurs in the Muslim world and the industrial revolution begins in India. The world is thrown in a global conflict at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century in an Muslim bid to take over the world.