In one of last chapters of Stephen Baxter’s novel Evolution there is a character named Ahmed who is one of four people to be revived from cytogenesis after thousands of years only to find out that the human race has devolved.
Greg Bear’s novel Strength of Stones is mainly concerned with Judeo-Christian themes, but Islam exists in the background. [Thanks to Marshall A. for the synopsis]
The protagonist is Brian Aldiss’ novel Harm is a Muslim. Here is a description of the novel from the publisher’s weekly. “British SF legend Aldiss offers a hard-hitting view of the global war on terror in this cautionary tale of the near future. Paul Fadhil Abbas Ali winds up in